Bibliography : Byssinosis

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Dube KJ, Ingale LT, Ingle ST Respiratory impairment in cotton-ginning workers exposed to cotton dust. 2013 Int J Occup Saf Ergon.
Vol. 19(4), pp. 551-60 
article  
Abstract: Dust generated during the handling and processing of cotton causes ill health of ginning workers. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of respiratory symptoms among cotton-ginning workers. This study involved 188 workers of 10 cotton-ginning factories. Forced vital capacity (FVC), peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR), and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) declined significantly with increasing duration of exposure (p < .001) of the cotton-ginning workers. Results of a standard respirator medical evaluation questionnaire indicated that, depending on duration of exposure, 51%-71% of cotton-ginning workers suffered from chest tightness, 55%-62% experienced chest pain, while 33%-42% of the workers reported frequent cough. Blood tests of the workers showed higher values of erythrocyte sedimentation rate, eosinophils, and white blood cells when exposure was longer. Byssinosis symptoms were observed among the workers. We recommend regular periodical medical check-ups, compulsory use of personal protective equipment, and proper ventilation at the workplace.
BibTeX:
@article{DubeKJ2013,
  author = {Dube KJ, Ingale LT, Ingle ST},
  title = {Respiratory impairment in cotton-ginning workers exposed to cotton dust.},
  journal = {Int J Occup Saf Ergon.},
  year = {2013},
  volume = {19(4)},
  pages = {551-60}
}
Applebaum K 0404 Exposure-related comorbidities in occupational epidemiology: should we be using competing risks and multistate models? 2014 Occup Environ Med
Vol. 71 
article DOI  
Abstract: OBJECTIVES:
In occupational epidemiology, we often rely on analytical models that look at the relationship between one exposure and one disease. However, the exposure may be related to more than one outcome at the target site (e.g., pulmonary diseases: pneumoconiosis, byssinosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or lung cancer), and one of these diseases may influence the occurrence of another. Cox proportional hazards regression models using Kaplan-Meier (KM)-based estimates may not be appropriate due to violating the model's non-informative censoring assumption.
METHOD:
An alternative approach is explored for occupational epidemiology: competing risks and multistate model. In multistate models, subjects may contribute at-risk person-time by transitioning to multiple, sometimes competing, states. Subjects can transition to a state in which they are living with or die from the related disease (i.e., the competing risk of the outcome of interest). These models use a subdistribution hazard, in which competing events are accounted for in the survival probability and allow for additional baseline hazards for different states.
RESULTS:
Competing risks and multistate models may allow researchers to build models that better reflect the biological complexity of an exposure contributing to multiple, related disease pathways simultaneously. For example, the exposure-response for the outcome of interest may be different if arriving at that outcome first through a related comorbidity than without that comorbidity.
CONCLUSIONS:
Although these models may improve our estimation, there are barriers to their implementation, including misclassification of disease, that will be discussed.
BibTeX:
@article{K2014,
  author = {Applebaum K},
  title = {0404 Exposure-related comorbidities in occupational epidemiology: should we be using competing risks and multistate models?},
  journal = {Occup Environ Med},
  year = {2014},
  volume = {71},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2014-102362.159}
}
Riva MA, Carnevale F, D'Orso MI, Iavicoli S, Bertazzi PA, Cesana G The contribution of Enrico C. Vigliani (1907-1992) to the international development of occupational medicine and industrial hygiene. 2012 Med Lav.
Vol. 103(6), pp. 419-26 
article  
Abstract: BACKGROUND:
One of the last century's greatest personalities in Occupational Medicine was Enrico Carlo Vigliani (1907-1992), director of the "Clinica del Lavoro" in Milan (1942-1977), editor-in-chief of "La Medicina del Lavoro" (1942-1991), Secretary-Treasurer and then President of the "Permanent Commission and International Association on Occupational Health" (1957-1981), the original nucleus of the ICOH.
OBJECTIVES:
The 20th anniversary of his death provides us with the opportunity to discuss the role of this brilliant scholar in the international development of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene.
METHODS:
A comprehensive analysis of Vigliani's scientific works was conducted. In addition, his close collaborators and pupils were interviewed.
RESULTS:
In the 1930s, as a young doctor, Vigliani, first in the world, demonstrated the effect of lead on porphyrin metabolism. Afterwards he conducted pioneering studies on occupational oncology (benzene-induced leukaemia, bladder cancer due to aromatic amines, asbestos-related tumours), pathogenesis of silicosis, encephalopathy in carbon disulfide poisoning, byssinosis and metal fume fever, so influencing international research and the implementation of preventive measures against these conditions. Vigliani's scientific authority was widely recognized internationally, as confirmed by his role in ICOH. During his period of active service, the Commission developed from an academic institution to a more open association, substantially increasing its membership. Furthermore, he contributed to establishing subcommittees devoted to specific topics (now called "scientific committees"), one of the strengths of the present Commission.
CONCLUSIONS:
Vigliani's contribution to the development of Occupational Health may be considered as an expression of his genial eclecticism which ranged from clinical medicine to the environment.
BibTeX:
@article{RivaMA2012,
  author = {Riva MA, Carnevale F, D'Orso MI, Iavicoli S, Bertazzi PA, Cesana G},
  title = {The contribution of Enrico C. Vigliani (1907-1992) to the international development of occupational medicine and industrial hygiene.},
  journal = {Med Lav.},
  year = {2012},
  volume = {103(6)},
  pages = {419-26}
}
Tahir MW, Mumtaz MW, Tauseef S, Sajjad M, Nazeer A, Farheen N, Iqbal M Monitoring of cotton dust and health risk assessment in small-scale weaving industry. 2012 Environ Monit Assess.
Vol. 184(8), pp. 4879-88 
article DOI  
Abstract: The present study describes the estimation of particulate matter (cotton dust) with different sizes, i.e., PM(1.0), PM(2.5), PM(4.0), and PM(10.0 ?m) in small-scale weaving industry (power looms) situated in district Hafizabad, Punjab, Pakistan, and the assessment of health problems of workers associated with these pollutants. A significant difference was found in PM(1.0), PM(2.5), PM(4.0), and PM(10.0) with reference to nine different sampling stations with p values <0.05. Multiple comparisons of particulate matter with respect to size, i.e. PM(1.0), PM(2.5), PM(4.0), and PM(10.0), depict that PM(1.0) differs significantly from PM(2.5), PM(4.0), and PM(10.0), with p values <0.05 and that PM(2.5) differs significantly from PM(1.0) and PM(10.0), with p values <0.05, whereas PM(2.5) differs non-significantly from PM(4.0), with a p value >0.05 in defined sampling stations on an average basis. Majority of the workers were facing several diseases due to interaction with particulate matter (cotton dust) during working hours. Flue, cough, eye, and skin infections were the most common diseases among workers caused by particulate matter (cotton dust).
BibTeX:
@article{TahirMW2012,
  author = {Tahir MW, Mumtaz MW, Tauseef S, Sajjad M, Nazeer A, Farheen N, Iqbal M},
  title = {Monitoring of cotton dust and health risk assessment in small-scale weaving industry.},
  journal = {Environ Monit Assess.},
  year = {2012},
  volume = {184(8)},
  pages = {4879-88},
  doi = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-011-2309-y}
}
Ananthan VS, Philip A, Logamurthy Morbidity profile among the cotton mill workers in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu with emphasis on byssinosis. 2001 Indian J Occupl Environ Med
Vol. 5, pp. 5-7 
article  
Abstract: A study was undertaken by the Occupational Diseases Centre (ODC) team of Employees State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) Hospital, K.K. Nagar, Chennai among the cotton mill workers in Coimbatore to find out the general morbidity pattern particularly to find out the prevalence of chronic byssinosis. The study indicated that
apart from occupation related problem (byssinosis) prevalence of other morbid conditions like diabetes, cardiovascular problem were high.
BibTeX:
@article{AnanthanVS2001,
  author = {Ananthan VS, Philip A, Logamurthy},
  title = {Morbidity profile among the cotton mill workers in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu with emphasis on byssinosis.},
  journal = {Indian J Occupl Environ Med},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {5},
  pages = {5-7}
}
Roy B Prevalence of chest diseases in different working environments among jute mill workers. Bengal 1985 Tuberculosis Association
Vol. 48, pp. 101`-105 
article  
Abstract: No Abstract Available
BibTeX:
@article{B1985,
  author = {Roy B},
  title = {Prevalence of chest diseases in different working environments among jute mill workers. Bengal},
  journal = {Tuberculosis Association},
  year = {1985},
  volume = {48},
  pages = {101`-105}
}
Barjatiya MK, Mathur RN, Swaroop A Byssinosis in cotton textile workers of Kishangarh 1990 Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci.
Vol. 32, pp. 215-253 
article  
Abstract: Byssinosis is an occupational hazard for the workers exposed to cotton dust. In this study 616 cotton textile workers were studied; out of which 149 had byssinosis; 37 (24.7%) had grade-1/2, 78 (52.7%) grade-1, 25 (16.6%) grade-2 and 9 (6.0%) of grade-3 byssinosis. Majority of the byssinotics were of age group between 36-40
years and had developed disease after 16 years of exposure. Disease was more common among smokers and severe, in whom consumption was more than 15 cigarettes/bidis per day for more than 10 years. Ventilatory function tests were markedly abnormal compared with non-byssinotic. On clinical examination and laboratory investigation (specially eosinophilia) and, radiological investigation (x-ray chest) no positive finding was detected. The high prevalence rate of the disease in this study was apparently due to poor working conditions of the workers.
BibTeX:
@article{BarjatiyaMK1990,
  author = {Barjatiya MK, Mathur RN, Swaroop A.},
  title = {Byssinosis in cotton textile workers of Kishangarh},
  journal = {Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci.},
  year = {1990},
  volume = {32},
  pages = {215-253}
}
Bhatt V, Rao NM, Panchal GM, Kulkarni PK. Circulating histamine levels and lung function test in cotton mill workers 1988 Arh Hig Rada Toksikol
Vol. 39, pp. 371-379 
article  
Abstract: No Abstract Available
BibTeX:
@article{BhattV1988,
  author = {Bhatt V, Rao NM, Panchal GM, Kulkarni PK.},
  title = {Circulating histamine levels and lung function test in cotton mill workers},
  journal = {Arh Hig Rada Toksikol},
  year = {1988},
  volume = {39},
  pages = {371-379}
}
Bobhate S, Darne R, Bodhankar R, Hatewar S To Know the Prevalence of Byssinosis in Cotton Mill Workers & to know Changes in Lung Function in Patients of Byssinosis Ind J Physiotherapy & Occup Therapy,
Vol. 1, pp. 2007-10-2007-12 
article  
BibTeX:
@article{BobhateS,
  author = {Bobhate S, Darne R, Bodhankar R, Hatewar S.},
  title = {To Know the Prevalence of Byssinosis in Cotton Mill Workers & to know Changes in Lung Function in Patients of Byssinosis},
  journal = {Ind J Physiotherapy & Occup Therapy,},
  volume = {1},
  pages = {2007-10-2007-12}
}
Chatterjee BP, Alam J, Gangopadhyay PK A study of dynamic lung function in jute mill workers 1989 Indian J Indus Med
Vol. 35, pp. 157-165 
article  
Abstract: No Abstract Available
BibTeX:
@article{ChatterjeeBP1989,
  author = {Chatterjee BP, Alam J, Gangopadhyay PK},
  title = {A study of dynamic lung function in jute mill workers},
  journal = {Indian J Indus Med},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {35},
  pages = {157-165}
}
Chattopadhyay BP, Alam J, Bandyopadhyay B, Gangopadhyay PK Study to evaluate the occurrence of byssinosis among jute mill workers by clinical history and acute and chronic changes of forced expiratory volume 1993 Ind J Environ Protec
Vol. 13, pp. 903-908 
article  
Abstract: No Abstract Available
BibTeX:
@article{ChattopadhyayBP1993,
  author = {Chattopadhyay BP, Alam J, Bandyopadhyay B, Gangopadhyay PK},
  title = {Study to evaluate the occurrence of byssinosis among jute mill workers by clinical history and acute and chronic changes of forced expiratory volume},
  journal = {Ind J Environ Protec},
  year = {1993},
  volume = {13},
  pages = {903-908}
}
Chattopadhyay BP, Saha D, Chatterjee S Pulmonary function tests and the jute mill workers 1994 Indian J Occup Health
Vol. 37, pp. 1-10 
article  
Abstract: No Abstract Available
BibTeX:
@article{ChattopadhyayBP1994,
  author = {Chattopadhyay BP, Saha D, Chatterjee S},
  title = {Pulmonary function tests and the jute mill workers},
  journal = {Indian J Occup Health},
  year = {1994},
  volume = {37},
  pages = {1-10}
}
Chattopadhyay BP, Saiyed HN, Alam J, Roy SK, Thakur S, Dasgupta TK Inquiry into occurance of Byssinosis in Jute mill workers 1999 J Occup Hlth
Vol. 41, pp. 225-231 
article  
Abstract: No Abstract Available
BibTeX:
@article{ChattopadhyayBP1999,
  author = {Chattopadhyay BP, Saiyed HN, Alam J, Roy SK, Thakur S, Dasgupta, TK},
  title = {Inquiry into occurance of Byssinosis in Jute mill workers},
  journal = {J Occup Hlth},
  year = {1999},
  volume = {41},
  pages = {225-231}
}
Chattopadhyay BP, Saiyed HN, Mukherjee AK Byssinosis among jute mill workers. 2003 Ind Health.
Vol. 4, pp. 265-272 
article  
Abstract: Although byssinosis in jute mill workers remains controversial, studies in a few jute mills in West-Bengal, India, revealed typical byssinotic syndrome associated with acute changes in FEV1 on the first working day after rest. The present study on 148 jute mill workers is reported to confirm the occurrence of byssinosis in jute mill
workers. Work related respiratory symptoms; acute and chronic pulmonary function changes among exposed workers were studied on the basis of standard questionnaire and spirometric method along with dust level, particle mass size distributions and gram-negative bacterial endotoxins. The pulmonary function test (PFT) changes were defined as per the recommendation of World Health Organization and of Bouhys et al. Total dust in jute mill air were monitored by high volume sampling, technique (Staplex, USA), Andersen cascade impactor was used for particle size distribution and personal exposure level was determined by personal sampler (Casella, London). Endotoxin in airborne jute dust was analysed by Lymulus Amebocyte Lysate (LAL) "Gel Clot" technique. Batching is the dustiest process in the mill. Size distribution showed that about 70-80% dust in diameter of < 10 microm, 40-50%, < 5 microm and 10-20%, < 2 microm. Mean endotoxin levels found in hatching, spinning and weaving, and beaming were 2.319 microg/m3, 0.956 microg/ m3, 0.041 microg/m3 respectively and are comparable to the values obtained up to date in Indian cotton mills. Respiratory morbidity study reported typical byssinotic symptoms along with acute post shift FEV1 changes (31.8%) and chronic changes
in FEV1 (43.2%) among exposed workers. The group with higher exposure showed significantly lower FVC, FEV1, PEFR and FEF25-75% values. The study confirmed the findings of the earlier studies and clearly indicated that the Indian jute mill workers are also suffering from byssinosis as observed in cotton, flask and hemp
workers.
BibTeX:
@article{ChattopadhyayBP2003,
  author = {Chattopadhyay BP, Saiyed HN, Mukherjee AK.},
  title = {Byssinosis among jute mill workers.},
  journal = {Ind Health.},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {4},
  pages = {265-272}
}
Doctor PB, Bhagia LJ, Derasari AY, Vyas JB, Amin RJ, Ghosh SK A preliminary study on gram-negative bacteria (GNB) and their endotoxins in a ginhouse in India. 2006 J Occup Environ Hyg.
Vol. 3, pp. 707-712 
article  
Abstract: workers, has been well documented in different parts of the world. The disease develops due to exposure to environmental cotton dust. Evidence suggests that the causative agent for the disease is gram-negative bacteria (GNB) and their endotoxins present on the cotton fibers. An investigation was carried out in a gin
house in western India. Environmental dust samples were collected by vertical elutriator (VE). Airborne dust concentrations were very high in the working environment: 2.11 mg/m3 in ginning and 0.95 mg/m3 in the press department (p < 0.05), which was higher than the threshold limit value collected by VE (0.2 mg/m3),
and higher than the permissible exposure limit for respirable dust (0.5 mg/m3 for nontextile industries using cotton). In the office control site, the dust concentration was 0.31 mg/m3. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration's cotton dust standard permissible exposure limit for respirable dust is 0.2 mg/m3 in yarn
manufacturing, 0.75 mg/m3 in slashing and weaving, and 0.5 mg/m3 in nontextile industries using cotton. These samples also showed high concentrations of airborne endotoxin (p < 0.001) in ginning and pressing (2.77 and 1.52 micro g/m3) compared with the office control site (0.009 micro g/m3 measured by Limulus amoebocyte
lysate technique). Total enumeration of airborne GNB was carried out qualitatively by the petri plate exposure method and quantitatively by an Andersen 6-stage viable sampler and VE. GNB were recovered in quite high numbers. Among all the GNB, Enterobacter agglomerans were the dominant bacterial flora. Results indicate that
gin workers are occupationally exposed to airborne GNB and endotoxins, and require masks.
BibTeX:
@article{DoctorPB2006,
  author = {Doctor PB, Bhagia LJ, Derasari AY, Vyas JB, Amin RJ, Ghosh SK.},
  title = {A preliminary study on gram-negative bacteria (GNB) and their endotoxins in a ginhouse in India.},
  journal = {J Occup Environ Hyg.},
  year = {2006},
  volume = {3},
  pages = {707-712}
}
Gupta S, Gupta BK A study of byssinosis and associated respiratory disorders in cotton mill workers. 1986 Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci.
Vol. 28, pp. 183-188 
article  
Abstract: No Abstract Available
BibTeX:
@article{GuptaS1986,
  author = {Gupta S, Gupta BK},
  title = {A study of byssinosis and associated respiratory disorders in cotton mill workers.},
  journal = {Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci.},
  year = {1986},
  volume = {28},
  pages = {183-188}
}
A Jaiswal A study of the occupational health function among female textile workers 2011 International Journal of Sociology and Anthropolog
Vol. 3, pp. 109-114 
article  
Abstract: Reduction of respiratory function among textile workers in the textile industry has been observed since the 1970s. A contaminant of raw cotton fiber and cotton dust, has been proposed as a affecting agent that may deteriorate the respiratory function. Present study aimed to find the factors associated with the deterioration of
respiratory function among female textile workers. The sample consisted of 243 men above the age of 20 years who had worked for at least 3 months years in a textile factory and 235 female non textile workers of same area were studied. All the respondents were interviewed by a pretested questionnaire to gather information
regarding the chest symptoms, certain personal characteristics and occupational history. Statistical analyses like Chi-square and odds ratio was done to determine the significant difference between female textile workers and female non textile workers. Univariate analysis of the factors for symptomatic byssinosis showed that
dusty worksites, heavy smoking and duration of service years were significant. Logistic regression analysis showed that working in the scouring (odds ratio 11.0), spinning (odds ratio 4.7) and weaving sections (odds ratio 2.6), heavy smoking (odds ratio 12.4) and more than 10 years of service (odds ratio 2.8) were independent significant risk factors. Efforts to reduce dust levels in the working environment and to discourage smoking among textile workers need to be strengthened to minimize the risk of developing byssinosis.
BibTeX:
@article{A2011,
  author = {A Jaiswal},
  title = {A study of the occupational health function among female textile workers},
  journal = {International Journal of Sociology and Anthropolog},
  year = {2011},
  volume = {3},
  pages = {109-114}
}
Jindal SK, Aggarwal AN, Gupta D Dust-induced interstitial lung disease in the tropics. 2001 Curr Opin Pulm Med
Vol. 5, pp. 272-277 
article  
Abstract: Inhalation of dusts is an important cause of interstitial lung disease in the tropical countries such as India. While dusts of organic origin, such as the cotton dust causing byssinosis, generally cause bronchial or bronchiolar involvement and hypersensitivity pneumonitis, inorganic metallic dusts cause progressive pulmonary
fibrosis. Silicosis, coal workers' pneumoconiosis, and asbestosis are the three most commonly recognized forms of pneumoconiotic pulmonary fibrosis. Pulmonary tuberculosis is an important complication seen in up to 50% of patients of silicosis in some reports from India. The presentation is generally chronic, although acute and accelerated forms of silicosis are known when the exposures are heavy. Breathlessness, dry cough, and general constitutional symptoms are commonly seen. Patients with silicotuberculosis or other forms of infection may also have significant expectoration, hemoptysis, fever, and rapid progression. Respiratory
failure and chronic cor pulmonale occur in the later stages. The diagnosis is easily established if the occupational history is available. Dense nodular opacities on chest roentgenograms, which may be large in patients with massive pulmonary fibrosis, are characteristic. Emphysematous changes generally appear in advanced stages or in patients who smoke. Bronchoalveolar lavage and/or lung biopsy may occasionally be required to establish or exclude other causes of interstitial lung disease. Treatment is largely palliative, although a variety of drugs including corticosteroids and procedures such as whole lung lavage have been tried. None of these methods
has yet been found successful in the treatment. Preventive safety steps, includingremoval of the patient from the site of exposure, are the only effective strategies to control disease progression
BibTeX:
@article{JindalSK2001,
  author = {Jindal SK, Aggarwal AN, Gupta D.},
  title = {Dust-induced interstitial lung disease in the tropics.},
  journal = {Curr Opin Pulm Med},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {5},
  pages = {272-277}
}
Parikh JR Byssinosis in developing countries 1992 Br J Ind Med.
Vol. 49, pp. 217-219 
article  
Abstract: No Abstract Available
BibTeX:
@article{JR.1992,
  author = {Parikh JR.},
  title = {Byssinosis in developing countries},
  journal = {Br J Ind Med.},
  year = {1992},
  volume = {49},
  pages = {217-219}
}
Kamat GR, Kamat SR, Singh H, D'Sa E, Karandikar EN, Chakravarty MA, Store SD,Sheth UK Pressurised bronchodilator aerosols in byssinosis Indian journal of medical sciences
Vol. 29, pp. 208-212 
article  
Abstract: No Abstract Available
BibTeX:
@article{KamatGR,
  author = {Kamat GR, Kamat SR, Singh H, D'Sa E, Karandikar EN, Chakravarty MA, Store SD,Sheth UK},
  title = {Pressurised bronchodilator aerosols in byssinosis},
  journal = {Indian journal of medical sciences},
  volume = {29},
  pages = {208-212}
}
Kamat SR, Kamat GR, Salpekar VY, Lobo E Distinguishing byssinosis from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Results of a prospective fiveyear study of cotton mill workers in India. 1981 Am Rev Respir Dis
Vol. 124, pp. 31-40 
article  
Abstract: This prospective 5-yr follow-up study of 1,241 textile workers from three mills was designed to determine the pattern and course of byssinosis in India and to distinguish this disease from chronic bronchitis. The initial prevalence of byssinosis was 14% in carding sections, 10% in spinning sections, and 11% in winding
sections. In these dusty sections, the prevalences of both byssinosis and bronchitis increased with a longer service. Among workers with byssinosis; 56% had workrelated and exertional dyspnea, 54% had chest tightness, 20% had wheezing, and 36% had cough. There was a history of Monday sickness in 22%. During follow-up it
was confirmed that the atypical presentation of byssinosis with cough was more common in the carding department. The yearly decrease in pulmonary function was correlated with duration and degree of exposure to cotton dust. Thus, the decrease was larger in carding workers and in workers with byssinosis plus cough than in
those with byssinosis or bronchitis. The yearly decrease in the one-second forced expiratory volume was different (p less than 0.05) for subjects with nonspecific chest symptoms (88 ml) and subjects with work-related chest symptoms (114 ml). The decreases in forced vital capacity and one-second forced expiratory volume were
larger for increased dust loads. Fewer pulmonary infiltrates were seen in radiographs of workers with byssinosis than in those of workers with bronchitis. The immunoglobulins studied in 86 textiles workers and 17 control subjects showed higher IgG values among workers with work-related symptoms, especially cough,
but not among those with bronchitic symptoms (p less than 0.01). Our results suggested that byssinosis is an entity distinct from chronic bronchitis.
BibTeX:
@article{KamatSR1981,
  author = {Kamat SR, Kamat GR, Salpekar VY, Lobo E},
  title = {Distinguishing byssinosis from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Results of a prospective fiveyear study of cotton mill workers in India.},
  journal = {Am Rev Respir Dis},
  year = {1981},
  volume = {124},
  pages = {31-40}
}
Kamat SR, Salpekar VY, D'Sa E, Sanghavi B, Kamat GR Prolonged comparison of oral salbutamol and ephedrine aminophylline combination in byssinosis 1978 The Indian journal of chest diseases & allied sciences
Vol. 20, pp. 63-72 
article  
Abstract: No Abstract Available
BibTeX:
@article{KamatSR1978,
  author = {Kamat SR, Salpekar VY, D'Sa E, Sanghavi B, Kamat GR},
  title = {Prolonged comparison of oral salbutamol and ephedrine aminophylline combination in byssinosis},
  journal = {The Indian journal of chest diseases & allied sciences},
  year = {1978},
  volume = {20},
  pages = {63-72}
}
Kamat SR, Store SD, D'Sa E, Karandikar KN, Kamat GR, Singh H, Phadnis SV, Gaonkar PK Bronchodilator trials in byssinosis. 1975 The Indian journal of chest diseases
Vol. 17, pp. 151-157 
article  
Abstract: No Abstract Available
BibTeX:
@article{KamatSR1975,
  author = {Kamat SR, Store SD, D'Sa E, Karandikar KN, Kamat GR, Singh H, Phadnis SV, Gaonkar PK},
  title = {Bronchodilator trials in byssinosis.},
  journal = {The Indian journal of chest diseases},
  year = {1975},
  volume = {17},
  pages = {151-157}
}
Kamat SR, Taskar SP, Iyer ER, Naik M, Kamat GR Discrimination between byssinosis and chronic bronchitis in cotton mill workers by serum immunoglobulin patterns 1979 The Journal of the Society of Occupational Medicine
Vol. 29, pp. 102-106 
article  
Abstract: No Abstract Available
BibTeX:
@article{KamatSR1979,
  author = {Kamat SR, Taskar SP, Iyer ER, Naik M, Kamat GR},
  title = {Discrimination between byssinosis and chronic bronchitis in cotton mill workers by serum immunoglobulin patterns},
  journal = {The Journal of the Society of Occupational Medicine},
  year = {1979},
  volume = {29},
  pages = {102-106}
}
Kamat SR, Taskar SP, Iyer KR, Naik M, Kamat GR Immunoglobulins in byssinosis, chronic bronchitis and pulmonary eosinophilia 1978 The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Vol. 26, pp. 233-238 
article  
Abstract: No Abstract Available
BibTeX:
@article{KamatSR1978a,
  author = {Kamat SR, Taskar SP, Iyer KR, Naik M, Kamat GR},
  title = {Immunoglobulins in byssinosis, chronic bronchitis and pulmonary eosinophilia},
  journal = {The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India},
  year = {1978},
  volume = {26},
  pages = {233-238}
}
Karnik AB, Parikh JR, Suthar AM, Patel MM, Thakore KN, Patel HH, Lakkad BC, Kulkarni PK, Nigam SK Immunoglobulins, serum proteins & lactate dehydrogenase levels in workers exposed to cotton dust 1987 Indian J Med Res;
Vol. 85, pp. 222-226 
article  
Abstract: No Abstract Available
BibTeX:
@article{KarnikAB1987,
  author = {Karnik AB, Parikh JR, Suthar AM, Patel MM, Thakore KN, Patel HH, Lakkad BC, Kulkarni PK, Nigam SK},
  title = {Immunoglobulins, serum proteins & lactate dehydrogenase levels in workers exposed to cotton dust},
  journal = {Indian J Med Res;},
  year = {1987},
  volume = {85},
  pages = {222-226}
}
Malvankar MG, Panchal GM, Bhatt V, Rao NM, Kulkarni PK Peak expiratory flow rate and blood histamine in textile mill workers 1986 J Soc Occup Med.
Vol. 36, pp. 107-108 
article  
Abstract: No Abstract Available
BibTeX:
@article{MalvankarMG1986,
  author = {Malvankar MG, Panchal GM, Bhatt V, Rao NM, Kulkarni PK.},
  title = {Peak expiratory flow rate and blood histamine in textile mill workers},
  journal = {J Soc Occup Med.},
  year = {1986},
  volume = {36},
  pages = {107-108}
}
Mathur N, Gupta BN, Rastogi SK Multivariate analysis of byssinosis risk assessment 1993 Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci;
Vol. 35, pp. 185-190 
article  
Abstract: No Abstract Available
BibTeX:
@article{MathurN1993,
  author = {Mathur N, Gupta BN, Rastogi SK},
  title = {Multivariate analysis of byssinosis risk assessment},
  journal = {Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci;},
  year = {1993},
  volume = {35},
  pages = {185-190}
}
Mishra AK, Rotti SB, Sahai A, Madanmohan, Narayan KA Byssinosis among male textile workers in Pondicherry: a case-control study 2003 Natl Med J India
Vol. 16, pp. 70-73 
article  
Abstract: Background: In India, 20 million workers are involved in the manufacturing of textiles. However, there are few epidemiological studies from India that have assessed the magnitude or the risk factors associated with byssinosis. In Pondicherry, textile mills have been in existence for over a century. This casecontrol
study aimed to find the factors associated with the development of byssinosis in textile workers. Methods: The sample consisted of 761 men above the age of 30 years who had worked for at least 10 years in a textile factory. All the respondents were interviewed by a pretested questionnaire to gather information regarding the symptoms of byssinosis, certain personal characteristics and occupational history. Byssinosis was identified using the classification proposed by the World Health Organization. Two age-matched controls were selected for each case. Results: Univariate analysis of the factors for symptomatic byssinosis showed that
dusty worksites, heavy smoking and duration of service > or = 30 years were significant. Logistic regression analysis showed that working in the spinning (odds ratio 6.1) and weaving sections (odds ratio 1.9), heavy smoking (odds ratio 3.9) and > or = 30 years of service (odds ratio 2.0) were independent significant risk factors.
Conclusion: Efforts to reduce dust levels in the working environment and to discourage smoking among textile workers need to be strengthened to minimize the risk of developing byssinosis.
BibTeX:
@article{MishraAK2003,
  author = {Mishra AK, Rotti SB, Sahai A, Madanmohan, Narayan KA},
  title = {Byssinosis among male textile workers in Pondicherry: a case-control study},
  journal = {Natl Med J India},
  year = {2003},
  volume = {16},
  pages = {70-73}
}
Gupta MN Review of byssinosis in India. 1969 Indian J Med Res.
Vol. 57, pp. 1776-1789 
article  
Abstract: No Abstract Available
BibTeX:
@article{MN.1969,
  author = {Gupta MN.},
  title = {Review of byssinosis in India.},
  journal = {Indian J Med Res.},
  year = {1969},
  volume = {57},
  pages = {1776-1789}
}
Mukherjee AK, Chattopadhyay BP, Bhattacharya SK, Saiyed HN Mukherjee AK, Chattopadhyay BP, Bhattacharya SK, Saiyed HN. Airborne endotoxin and its relationship to pulmonary function among workers in an Indian jute mill 2004 Arch Environ Health
Vol. 59, pp. 202-208 
article  
Abstract: Air samples from various processing areas of an Indian jute mill were examined for endotoxin. The authors assessed work-related respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function changes in the dust-exposed workers from the different processing areas using a standard questionnaire and spirometry. Endotoxin was estimated in water
extract of jute dust from 3 milling areas, and in outside air, by the Limulus amebocyte lysate gel clot technique. The batching, spinning, and weaving areas of the jute mill showed endotoxin levels of 0.22-4.42 microg/m3, 0.04-1.47 microg/m3, and 0.01-0.07 microg/m3, respectively, values similar to those found in Indian cotton
mills. Respiratory morbidities among the workers included typical byssinotic symptoms, along with acute changes in postshift forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1.0) (31.8%). Results of this study demonstrated that increased exposure to bacterial endotoxin in airborne dust is related to byssinotic symptoms among Indian jute mill workers. Findings were similarto those reported previously for workers in the cotton, flax, and hemp industries.
BibTeX:
@article{MukherjeeAK2004,
  author = {Mukherjee AK, Chattopadhyay BP, Bhattacharya SK, Saiyed HN.},
  title = {Mukherjee AK, Chattopadhyay BP, Bhattacharya SK, Saiyed HN. Airborne endotoxin and its relationship to pulmonary function among workers in an Indian jute mill},
  journal = {Arch Environ Health},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {59},
  pages = {202-208}
}
Murlidhar V, Murlidhar VJ, Kanhere V Byssinosis in a Bombay textile mill. 1995 Natl Med J India.
Vol. 8, pp. 204-207 
article  
Abstract: Background: Till a national campaign against dust-related lung diseases was launched by a voluntary agency in Ahmedabad in 1992, government records for the 150-year-old textile industry showed no cases of byssinosis--the disabling occupational disease caused by cotton dust. The worldwide incidence of byssinosis
among workers in the dusty sections of textile mills is nearly 40%. We assessed the prevalence of byssinosis in a Bombay mill so that the Employees State Insurance Scheme would start conducting medical checks in all the 55 textile mills in Bombay and officially recognize the disease. Methods: The study was conducted under the auspices of the Occupational Health and Safety Centre, a voluntary organization. Textile workers were called to a camp conducted over 3 nights and 3 days. We asked them to answer a questionnaire and tested their lung function using a Wright's ventilometer. The diagnosis of byssinosis was made if there was a feeling of chest tightness on exposure to cotton dust, and if the FEV1 was less than 60% of the expected result or the FEV1/FVC was less than 75%. Results: Of the total 1075 workers in the mill only 273 came to the camp; 54 (30%) of the 179 individuals working in the dusty sections of the mill had byssinosis. In the non-dusty departments, 16 (17%) out of the 94 workers were affected. Among those working for less than 10 years in textile mills, 24% had byssinosis and among those working for more than 30 years, 45% had the disease. Conclusion: We found a prevalence of byssinosis among textile workers which is similar to that reported worldwide. The disease affected those who worked in both the dusty and non-dusty sections of the mill. There are an estimated 40,000 affected workers in Bombay and we suggest that the disease be recognized by the Employees State Insurance Scheme, and that the textile mill workers be compensated if they are affected by byssinosis.
BibTeX:
@article{MurlidharV1995,
  author = {Murlidhar V, Murlidhar VJ, Kanhere V.},
  title = {Byssinosis in a Bombay textile mill.},
  journal = {Natl Med J India.},
  year = {1995},
  volume = {8},
  pages = {204-207}
}
Nath K, Gupta BK, Omar JB, Samuel KC, Sumra RS A study of byssinosis in cotton mill workers of Kanpur 1966 Indian Pract.
Vol. 19, pp. 779-785 
article  
Abstract: No Abstract Available
BibTeX:
@article{NathK1966,
  author = {Nath K, Gupta BK, Omar JB, Samuel KC, Sumra RS.},
  title = {A study of byssinosis in cotton mill workers of Kanpur},
  journal = {Indian Pract.},
  year = {1966},
  volume = {19},
  pages = {779-785}
}
Parikh JR, Bhagia LJ, Majumdar PK, Shah AR, Kashyap SK Prevalence of byssinosis in textile mills at Ahmedabad, India 1989 Br J Ind Med.
Vol. 46, pp. 787-790 
article  
Abstract: In an epidemiological study carried out in three textile mills at Ahmedabad, India, 929 workers were examined from the spinning departments. The mean prevalence of byssinosis in the blow section was 29.62%, whereas in the card section it was 37.83%. The concentrations of cotton dust (dust less fly) were high in the blow and
card sections (4.00 mg/m3 in the blow and 3.06 mg/m3 in the card section). This study suggests that the prevalence of byssinosis is not low in the textile mills of India as reported in many earlier Indian studies.
BibTeX:
@article{ParikhJR1989,
  author = {Parikh JR, Bhagia LJ, Majumdar PK, Shah AR, Kashyap SK.},
  title = {Prevalence of byssinosis in textile mills at Ahmedabad, India},
  journal = {Br J Ind Med.},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {46},
  pages = {787-790}
}
Parikh JR, Bhatt V, Panchal GM Blood histamine levels in cotton-dust exposed workers in a textile mill of Ahmedabad 1987 Am J Ind Med.
Vol. 12, pp. 439-443 
article  
Abstract: Blood histamine levels were measured by the bioassay of histamine (on an isolated strip of guinea pig ileum) in workers exposed to cotton dust in a textile mill in Ahmedabad. Byssinotic subjects showed very high levels of blood histamine as compared to nonbyssinotic and control subjects. The blood histamine levels were
not well correlated to the dust concentrations or duration of exposure but rather to the day of the week (ie, first, second, third, etc., after weekend break) on which the samples were collected. The blood histamine levels were high on the first day of the workweek, when byssinotics complained most of their symptoms.
BibTeX:
@article{ParikhJR1987,
  author = {Parikh JR, Bhatt V, Panchal GM.},
  title = {Blood histamine levels in cotton-dust exposed workers in a textile mill of Ahmedabad},
  journal = {Am J Ind Med.},
  year = {1987},
  volume = {12},
  pages = {439-443}
}
Parikh JR, Chatterjee BB, Rao NM, Bhagia LJ The clinical manifestations of byssinosis in Indian textile workers 1986 J Soc Occup Med.
Vol. 36, pp. 24-28 
article  
Abstract: No Abstract Available
BibTeX:
@article{ParikhJR1986,
  author = {Parikh JR, Chatterjee BB, Rao NM, Bhagia LJ.},
  title = {The clinical manifestations of byssinosis in Indian textile workers},
  journal = {J Soc Occup Med.},
  year = {1986},
  volume = {36},
  pages = {24-28}
}
Parikh JR, Majumdar PK, Shah AR, Rao NM, Kashyap SK Acute and chronic changes in pulmonary functions among Indian textile workers 1990 J Soc Occup Med.
Vol. 40, pp. 71-74 
article  
Abstract: An epidemiological study was carried out in three textile mills of Ahmedabad. A total of 214 cotton dust exposed and 184 control subjects were examined for pulmonary function tests. Pulmonary function tests included forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in one second. The pulmonary function tests were carried out
before starting the shift and after 7 hours of exposure on a vitalograph spirometer. The study shows that among the cotton dust exposed workers byssinotics behave distinctly and show the maximum acute and chronic changes in pulmonary functions. It seems that the effect of cotton dust exposure on the byssinotic subjects is more
predominant than the effect of smoking.
BibTeX:
@article{ParikhJR1990,
  author = {Parikh JR, Majumdar PK, Shah AR, Rao NM, Kashyap SK.},
  title = {Acute and chronic changes in pulmonary functions among Indian textile workers},
  journal = {J Soc Occup Med.},
  year = {1990},
  volume = {40},
  pages = {71-74}
}
Thacker PV Department of Industrial Health Tata Services Limited 1970 IMS Ind Med Surg.
Vol. 39, pp. 489-496 
article  
Abstract: No Abstract Available
BibTeX:
@article{PV.1970,
  author = {Thacker PV.},
  title = {Department of Industrial Health Tata Services Limited},
  journal = {IMS Ind Med Surg.},
  year = {1970},
  volume = {39},
  pages = {489-496}
}
Rastogi SK, Gupta BN, Mathur N, Husain T A study of the prevalence of ventilatory obstruction in textile workers exposed to cotton dust 1989 Environ Res
Vol. 50, pp. 56-67 
article  
Abstract: A study was conducted in a cotton spinning mill to assess the prevalence of respiratory impairment in 189 asymptomatic workers and 133 byssinotics drawn from various sections of the plant exposed to airborne cotton dust in the work environment. Eight-four healthy controls belonging to the same socioeconomic
status and ethnic group having never been exposed to cotton dust or any other pollutant was also studied for the purpose of comparison. Of the 189 asymptomatic workers, 13 (6.8%) suffered from bronchial obstruction whereas only 2 (2.3%) among the control showed obstructive pulmonary impairment. The byssinotics
showed a significantly higher prevalence (15.7%) of bronchial obstruction than that (6.8%) observed among the asymptomatic cotton workers (P less than 0.005).Byssinotics (grade II) showed significantly higher prevalence (31.5%) of bronchial obstruction than that (9.4%) observed in acute byssinotics (grade I). The effect of
smoking on the prevalence of bronchial obstruction in the asymptomatic and byssinotics was quite discernible as smokers showed significantly higher prevalence than that observed among the nonsmokers (P less than 0.05). The asymptomatic cotton workers and those with different grades of byssinosis having more than 10
years of exposure showed significantly higher prevalence of bronchial obstruction than that observed in the group with less than 10 years of exposure (P less than 0.005). The healthy cotton workers and byssinotics engaged in the preparatory section (card, blow, and waste plant rooms) showed an insignificant higher prevalence of bronchial obstruction (11.3 and 24.4%, respectively) than among those who worked in the spinning, reeling, and winding sections of the mill. The mechanism responsible for causing ventilatory obstruction in the textile workers is discussed.
BibTeX:
@article{RastogiSK1989,
  author = {Rastogi SK, Gupta BN, Mathur N, Husain T},
  title = {A study of the prevalence of ventilatory obstruction in textile workers exposed to cotton dust},
  journal = {Environ Res},
  year = {1989},
  volume = {50},
  pages = {56-67}
}
Ray MD, Skandhan KP, Mehta YB, Chokshi RR, Mehta NR Pulmonary function and morbidity in textile mill workers 1992 Panminerva Med.
Vol. 34, pp. 24-29 
article  
Abstract: The study was conducted in a large cotton textile mill in Surat City. A selected number of 278 employees were evaluated for social, anthropological and pulmonary functions. No parameters except the period of exposure to dust reduced pulmonary function; it was statistically significant in the case of vital capacity and maximum
breathing capacity. Out of 23.94% pulmonary morbidity observed, the byssinosis rate was 1.62.
BibTeX:
@article{RayMD1992,
  author = {Ray MD, Skandhan KP, Mehta YB, Chokshi RR, Mehta NR},
  title = {Pulmonary function and morbidity in textile mill workers},
  journal = {Panminerva Med.},
  year = {1992},
  volume = {34},
  pages = {24-29}
}
Agnihotram RV An overview of occupational health research in India 2005 Indian Jl of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Vol. 9, pp. 10-14 
article  
Abstract: Recent industrialization and globalizations are changing the Indian occupational morbidity drastically. Traditionally labor-oriented markets are on change towards more automation and mechanization, at the same time general awareness about occupational safety, occupational and environmental hazards were not spread in the
society. This review will provide an overview of existing evidence from community based epidemiological studies and address the growing needs for evidence-based occupational health research in India. Review of all published results. Occupational research is seen as more complex issue in India, which Includes child labor; poor
industrial legislation; vast informal sector; less attention to industrial hygiene and poor surveillance data across the country. While India experiencing economic transition, occupational research approach should balance between understanding the modern industrial exposures and health risks of traditional sectors like agriculture
and plantations. Strategies like modern occupational health legislation, enforcement machinery in sub-district level, training to health professionals, need for epidemiological evidence and international collaborations were discussed to deal with the situation.
BibTeX:
@article{RV2005,
  author = {Agnihotram RV},
  title = {An overview of occupational health research in India},
  journal = {Indian Jl of Occupational and Environmental Medicine},
  year = {2005},
  volume = {9},
  pages = {10-14}
}
Saiyed HN, Tiwari RR Occupational health research in India. 2004 Ind Health
Vol. 42, pp. 41-48 
article  
Abstract: India being a developing nation is faced with traditional public health problems like communicable diseases, malnutrition, poor environmental sanitation and inadequate medical care. However, globalization and rapid industrial growth in the last few years has resulted in emergence of occupational health related issues. Agriculture
(cultivators i.e. land owners + agriculture labourers) is the main occupation in India giving employment to about 58% of the people. The major occupational diseases/morbidity of concern in India are silicosis, musculo-skeletal injuries, coal workers' pneumoconiosis, chronic obstructive lung diseases, asbestosis, byssinosis,
pesticide poisoning and noise induced hearing loss. There are many agencies like National Institute of Occupational Health, Industrial Toxicology Research Centre, Central Labour Institute, etc. are working on researchable issues like Asbestos and asbestos related diseases, Pesticide poisoning, Silica related diseases other than
silicosis and Musculoskeletal disorders. Still much more is to be done for improving the occupational health research. The measures such as creation of advanced research facilities, human resources development, creation of environmental and occupational health cells and development of database and information system
should be taken.
BibTeX:
@article{SaiyedHN2004,
  author = {Saiyed HN, Tiwari RR.},
  title = {Occupational health research in India.},
  journal = {Ind Health},
  year = {2004},
  volume = {42},
  pages = {41-48}
}
Shivapuri HN, Varma MS Byssinosis. 1957 Journal of the Indian Medical Association
Vol. 29, pp. 322-328 
article  
Abstract: No Abstract available
BibTeX:
@article{SHIVAPURIHN1957,
  author = {SHIVAPURI HN, VARMA MS},
  title = {Byssinosis.},
  journal = {Journal of the Indian Medical Association},
  year = {1957},
  volume = {29},
  pages = {322-328}
}
Siddhu CM, Nath K, Mehrotra RK Byssinosis amongst cotton and jute workers in Kanpur 1966 Indian J Med Res.
Vol. 54, pp. 980-994 
article  
Abstract: No Abstract Available
BibTeX:
@article{SiddhuCM1966,
  author = {Siddhu CM, Nath K, Mehrotra RK.},
  title = {Byssinosis amongst cotton and jute workers in Kanpur},
  journal = {Indian J Med Res.},
  year = {1966},
  volume = {54},
  pages = {980-994}
}
Singh SH, Gupta HL, Gandhi A, Rai UC A study of lung function abnormalities in workers of cotton spinning shops. Indian journal of physiology and pharmacology
Vol. 30, pp. 79-84 
article  
Abstract: Lung function was studied by forced expiratory spirograms and measurement of peak expiratory flow in fourteen young male subjects of the age 20 to 30 years.Seven of the subjects were cotton spinners in small shops in Paharganj market with the duration of work from 1 to 3 years. The other seven subjects served as controls.
All the subjects were of the same socio-economic status and were North Indians. Forced vital capacity; forced expiratory volume in 1 sec; forced expiratory volume in 1 sec expressed as a percentage of forced vital capacity; forced expiratory flow between 80 and 70 per cent, between 55 and 45 per cent, between 30 and 20 per
cent and between 15 and 5 per cent of the forced vital capacity were determined from forced expiratory spirograms. Peak expiratory flow and FEB-80-70% were significantly lower in cotton spinners suggesting involvement of larger airways.
BibTeX:
@article{SinghSH,
  author = {Singh SH, Gupta HL, Gandhi A, Rai UC},
  title = {A study of lung function abnormalities in workers of cotton spinning shops.},
  journal = {Indian journal of physiology and pharmacology},
  volume = {30},
  pages = {79-84}
}
Vajpeyi GN, Gupta AK, Srivastava MC, Mehrotra TN, Gupta SK, Mishra SD, Ramchandran HD Blood histamine in pulmonary diseases 1972 The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Vol. 20, pp. 837-841 
article  
Abstract: No Abstract Available
BibTeX:
@article{VajpeyiGN1972,
  author = {Vajpeyi GN, Gupta AK, Srivastava MC, Mehrotra TN, Gupta SK, Mishra SD, Ramchandran HD},
  title = {Blood histamine in pulmonary diseases},
  journal = {The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India},
  year = {1972},
  volume = {20},
  pages = {837-841}
}
V Bhatt, NM Rao, GM Panchal Differential diagnosis of byssinosis by blood histamine and pulmonary function test: a review and an appraisal 2001 Int J Toxicol.
Vol. 20, pp. 321-327 
article  
Abstract: A study was conducted on byssinotic (N = 8) and nonbyssinotic (N = 16) mill workers exposed to cotton dust and on controls (N = 15) from a cotton dust-free zone. They were examined for chest tightness and breathlessness during successive days from Mondays to Fridays. In addition to monitoring the workers only on Mondays after 7 shift work, their blood histamine levels and pulmonary function tests such as FEV1, PEFR, and FEF25-75% (PEFR represents airflow of larger airways, FEF25-75% reflects airflow in smaller airways, and FEV1 represents airflow in both central and peripheral airways) were screened, but Monday data were only counted to appraise
a contrast between these two parameters. The results showed that the histamine levels were significantly higher in the cotton dust-exposed workers in association with significantly decreased FEV1, PEFR, and FEF25-75%, indicating bronchoconstriction of the central, larger, and peripheral airways. Histamine can cause a severe constriction of the central as well as peripheral airways in cotton dust-exposed workers, enabling a paradoxical effect for a differential diagnosis of byssinosis
BibTeX:
@article{BhattV2001,
  author = {V Bhatt, NM Rao, GM Panchal},
  title = {Differential diagnosis of byssinosis by blood histamine and pulmonary function test: a review and an appraisal},
  journal = {Int J Toxicol.},
  year = {2001},
  volume = {20},
  pages = {321-327}
}
Viswanathan R, Damodaran VN, Subramanian TA, Chakravarty S, Sandhu RS, Gupta SN, Chandrasekhar S, Sen AK Report of the enquiry on byssinosis in cotton textile workers 1967 Indian J Med Res.
Vol. 55, pp. 185-192 
article  
Abstract: No Abstract Available
BibTeX:
@article{ViswanathanR1967,
  author = {Viswanathan R, Damodaran VN, Subramanian TA, Chakravarty S, Sandhu RS, Gupta SN, Chandrasekhar S, Sen AK.},
  title = {Report of the enquiry on byssinosis in cotton textile workers},
  journal = {Indian J Med Res.},
  year = {1967},
  volume = {55},
  pages = {185-192}
}
Yerpude PN, Jogdand KS Morbidity profile of cotton mill workers 2010 Indian J Occup Environ Med.
Vol. 14, pp. 94-96 
article  
Abstract: Objective: To study the morbidity pattern among cotton mill workers. Material and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in cotton mills in Guntur District (AP) in January 2009 to May 2009. Total 474 workers were included in the study. 2 Results: All study subjects were male. Most of the study subjects belonged to age
group 30-40 years (56.96%) and lower socioeconomic status (36.09%) according to modified Kuppuswamy's classification. The literacy status was varied with 5.70% being illiterate and 37.13% were educated up to primary school. Most of workers were working in Ring frame (41.56%) and majority (58.44%) were working for the
last 5-10 years. Mean height of study subjects was 147.42 cm and mean weight was 55.11 kg. The common morbid conditions found were eosinophilia (18.35%), iron deficiency anemia (28.90%), byssinosis grade 1 (7.80%), dental stains (6.54%), refractive errors (7.80%), chronic bronchitis (4.85%), and upper respiratory tract
infection (8.64%).
BibTeX:
@article{YerpudePN2010,
  author = {Yerpude PN, Jogdand KS},
  title = {Morbidity profile of cotton mill workers},
  journal = {Indian J Occup Environ Med.},
  year = {2010},
  volume = {14},
  pages = {94-96}
}
(Last Updated Upto:2014)